Management of Snake Bite - National Health Mission's (INDIA) Guidelines

Snakebite is an acute medical emergency prevalent among rural population in tropical and subtropical regions of the country.

The venomous snakes found in India belong to three families Elapidae, Viperidae and hydrophidae (Sea Snakes). The most common Indian elapids are Naja naja (Indian Cobra) and Bungarus caeruleus (Indian Krait), Daboia russalie (Russells’ Viper) and Echis carinatus (Saw scaled viper)

Although total number of bites may be more than 5-6 lakhs but only 30% are venomous bites.

Four presenting clinical syndromes of snakebite i.e. progressive weakness (neuroparalytic/neurotoxic), bleeding (vasculotoxic/haemotoxic), myotoxic and painful progressive Swelling and its management is given below.


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